How common are these symptoms?
Leg swelling, leg pain, and cramping (also restless leg syndrome) are very common symptoms for venous insufficiency.
What causes spider veins?
Leg pain, swelling, and cramping are mainly caused by varicose veins. For some patients, varicose veins can lie under the surface of the skin, so many patients are not aware that their symptoms are associated with the veins. When veins are leaky, blood can pool and be stagnant which can cause the leg pain, swelling, and cramping.
How can the causes be diagnosed?
The causes can be diagnosed by coming into a medical office for a physical examination. Swelling can be visible, and a venous ultrasound can be conducted to confirm whether or not these symptoms are caused by varicose veins, and venous insufficiency.
What are the treatment options?
Treatment options are compression stockings, exercise, antibiotics, radiofrequency ablations, sclerotherapy, and phlebectomy.